THE IMPACTS OF LANDFILLING ORGANIC WASTE
In the landfill, putrescible materials decompose very slowly and release acidic water. Mixed with rainwater, this acidic juice (leachate) filters through the accumulated garbage and carries all kinds of contaminants (bacteria, chemical pollutants or heavy metals) .Because of this phenomenon, the burial of garbage presents a potential significant pollution of groundwater and surface water.
This anaerobic (oxygen-free) decomposition of organic matter is accompanied in addition by an abundant production of biogas (a mixture containing large quantities of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas), which is why it is important to separate at source in order to treat them in an ecological way.
HOW IT WORKS ?
Vermicomposting is a solution for those who wish to reduce a good part of their household waste by transforming organic matter (food or garden waste) into compost. It is an innovative composting method that is particularly suitable for apartments, because it takes up little space and is odorless.
The vermicomposter consists of several bins, which receive organic waste (vegetable and fruit peelings, coffee grounds, eggshells, cardboard boxes, etc.) and worms.
The bins must be opaque to keep the darkness necessary for the earthworms and have holes to let them pass. These “composting worms” will digest organic waste several times and gradually transform them into ready compost to enrich houseplants or to use in the garden.
They also produce a "lombrithé" which can be diluted in water to create an excellent liquid fertilizer for plants.
The wormtea will always be used diluted. Indeed, it contains such a quantity of nutrients that it could be harmful to most plants. Before using your wormtea, dilute it to 1 / 10th, that is to say: 1 volume of wormtea in 9 volumes of water. It can be applied by watering or spraying.